Phonics

Northgate Primary School follows the Department of Education's 'Letters and Sounds: Principles and Practice of High Quality Phonics' scheme from Nursery through to Year 3.
 
The scheme aims to build children's speaking and listening skills as well as prepare children for learning to read by developing their phonic knowledge and skills.  The programme is split into six phases which overlap each other:
 

Phase

Phonic Knowledge and Skills

Phase One (Nursery/Reception)

Activities are divided into seven aspects, including environmental sounds, instrumental sounds, body sounds, rhythm and rhyme, alliteration, voice sounds and finally oral blending and segmenting.

Phase Two (Reception) up to 6 weeks

Learning 19 letters of the alphabet and one sound for each. Blending sounds together to make words. Segmenting words into their separate sounds. Beginning to read simple captions.

Phase Three (Reception) up to 12 weeks

The remaining 7 letters of the alphabet, one sound for each. Graphemes such as ch, oo, th representing the remaining phonemes not covered by single letters. Reading captions, sentences and questions. On completion of this phase, children will have learnt the "simple code", i.e. one grapheme for each phoneme in the English language.

Phase Four (Reception) 4 to 6 weeks

No new grapheme-phoneme correspondences are taught in this phase. Children learn to blend and segment longer words

Phase Five (Throughout Year 1)

Now we move on to the "complex code". Children learn more graphemes for the phonemes which they already know, plus different ways of pronouncing the graphemes they already know.

Phase Six (Throughout Year 2 and beyond)

Working on spelling, including prefixes and suffixes, doubling and dropping letters etc.

 
The children are taught how to pronounce the sounds (phonemes) correctly to make blending and segmenting easier. This is very important in helping to support the children to read, write and spell.
 
The children are taught how to pronounce the sounds (phonemes) correctly to make blending and segmenting easier. This is very important in helping to support the children to read, write and spell.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MOW3pB2KwGA

Blending and segmenting

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5wGfNiweEkI

How can you help at home?

On occasion a note will be sent home to inform you of the sounds/words/tricky words the children have learned and to encourage you to practise these with your child. 

Children will learn at different rates and your child will be supported whatever their rate of learning.  This will be taken into account throughout the  teaching of phonics through questioning of the children and the work set for them.

Provide your child with lots of different opportunities to speak and listen to others (preparing meals, tidying up, putting shopping away)

  • Sing the alphabet as often as you can!
  • Play I spy
  • Use magnetic letters
  • Play matching letter/word pairs